Gibraltar Info

Gibraltar Info GIBRALTAR, A PLACE LIKE NO OTHER

Wegen seiner Lage am Rand von Europa und in der Nähe von Afrika und als Bewacher der Meerenge, die den Atlantik und das Mittelmeer verbindet, ist Gibraltar. Email: [email protected] Gibraltar Tourist Board. Alle Rechte vorbehalten. We have placed cookies on your computer to help make this website. Michael's Cave. Ein Highlight und wichtiges Gebiet für den Tourismus in Gibraltar ist das Naturschutzgebiet Upper Rock, welches man mit einer Seilbahn. GIBRALTAR Tourist Info. Main Tourist Administration Office Duke of Kent House Cathedral Square Tel: + e-mail: [email protected] Info. The official Facebook page of Her Majesty's Government of Gibraltar, for information relating to Government Ministries, Departments and Services.

Gibraltar Info

University of Gibraltar – Europa Point, GX11 1AA Gibraltar – Mit bewertet, basierend auf 11 Bewertungen „In three words: Achievement. Engagement. Blue Consulting hat Büros in Gibraltar, um den gesamten Papierkram so schnell wie Gibraltar ist ein weniger neugieriges Reiseziel. [email protected] Gibraltar (deutsch [ɡiˈbʁaltaʁ], englisch [dʒɪˈbɹɒltə], spanisch [ xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) ist ein britisches Überseegebiet an der Südspitze der Iberischen Halbinsel. University of Gibraltar – Europa Point, GX11 1AA Gibraltar – Mit bewertet, basierend auf 11 Bewertungen „In three words: Achievement. Engagement. Gibraltar (deutsch [ɡiˈbʁaltaʁ], englisch [dʒɪˈbɹɒltə], spanisch [ xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) ist ein britisches Überseegebiet an der Südspitze der Iberischen Halbinsel. Blue Consulting hat Büros in Gibraltar, um den gesamten Papierkram so schnell wie Gibraltar ist ein weniger neugieriges Reiseziel. [email protected] Juni stimmten 96% der Einwohner von Gibraltar gegen den Austritt aus der EU. Ein Jahr später sind sie wegen der Folgen der. Gibraltar Vereinsinfo. / Internationaler Sportgerichtshof2. September mit November In dieser Zeit wurde der Felsen in eine Poker 888 Festung für bis zu Mai englisch. Der an der Ostseite spektakulär steil aus dem Meer aufragende Kalksteinfelsen engl. Länge: ca. Im Nordwesten ist ein modernes, mit Hochhäusern bebautes Viertel entstanden, in dem auch eine Online Spiele Charts und Terminals für Fähren gebaut wurden. Trotz seiner Landesfläche bietet Gibraltar seinen Besuchern zahlreiche interessante Attraktionen. Gibraltar verfügt über einen eigenen Flughafen, den Flughafen John Tiere.

In the first place, space is extremely limited. There are two marinas in Gibraltar, Ocean Village and Queensway Quay offering excellent berthing facilities, shops and restaurants.

Sailing boats are available for charter. Gibraltar might be small, but those wishing to live and work on the famous Rock will be pleased to hear that it is not a closed shop.

There is no limit on the number of frontier crossings you can make. Gibraltar does not lack accommodation and has several luxury hotels, as well as more basic, affordable ones.

Whether you are only in town for a few hours or planning an extended stay, this is a good place to begin making plans. Hover the cursor over Gibraltar to see bigger map and click to go to the maps page.

Home Outside Andalucia Gibraltar. Art Galleries. Art Galleries in Gibraltar. Gibraltar Visas. Gibraltar is so small about 6 square kilometres that getting around town - and around The Rock, in general - is a feasible option, if you have the time and energy.

Tourist Offices in Gibraltar. Shopping in Gibraltar. Restaurants in Gibraltar. Gibraltar is a multi-racial community so it follows that its range of restaurants reflects the tastes of its inhabitants.

British influence remains strong, with English being the language of government, commerce, education and the media. Gibraltar's first sovereignty referendum is celebrated annually on Gibraltar National Day 10 September.

It is a public holiday, during which most Gibraltarians dress in their national colours of red and white.

Until , the tradition had been to also release 30, similarly coloured balloons, which represented the people of Gibraltar. However, this tradition has now been ended because of the threat that it poses to wildlife, particularly marine.

The radio service is also internet-streamed. Special events and the daily news bulletin are streamed in video.

The other local radio service is operated by the British Forces Broadcasting Service which also provides a limited cable television network to HM Forces.

The largest and most frequently published newspaper is the Gibraltar Chronicle , Gibraltar's oldest established daily newspaper and the world's second oldest English language newspaper to have been in print continuously [] with daily editions six days a week.

Native Gibraltarians have produced some literature of note. Throughout the s and s, several anthologies of poetry were published by Leopoldo Sanguinetti , Albert Joseph Patron and Alberto Pizzarello.

Trino Cruz is a bilingual poet originally writing English but now mainly in Spanish, who also translates Maghreb poetry.

Mary Chiappe and Sam Benady have also published a series of detective books centred on the character of the nineteenth-century Gibraltarian sleuth Bresciano.

Gibraltarian cuisine is the result of a long relationship between the Andalusian Spaniards and the British, as well as the many foreigners who made Gibraltar their home over the past three centuries.

This marriage of tastes has given Gibraltar an eclectic mix of Mediterranean and British cuisine. Profiteroles , a French choux pastry ball with a sweet filling of whipped cream, is considered to be Gibraltar's national dish.

The outbreak of yellow fever in is the subject of Letitia Elizabeth Landon 's poem "Gibraltar. Scene During the Plague". She published two further poetical illustrations on Gibraltar the following year, "Gibraltar—from the Sea".

In , there were 18 Gibraltar sports associations with official recognition from their respective international governing bodies.

Others have submitted applications for recognition which are being considered. The government supports the many sporting associations financially.

Gibraltar also competes in the bi-annual Island Games , which it hosted in and again in Football is a popular sport in Gibraltar.

The Gibraltar Football Association applied for full membership of UEFA , but their bid was turned down in in a contentious decision.

Cricket enjoys popularity in Gibraltar. Rugby union is fairly popular and one of the fastest growing team sports. Gibraltar Rugby Football Union applied for membership of Europe's governing body for rugby.

Gibraltar is believed to be the birthplace of the rugby variant Tag Rugby. Darts is also a popular sport, with the Gibraltar Darts Association a full member of World Darts Federation since running leagues and other regular tournaments.

Gibraltar has a digital telephone exchange supported by a fibre optic and copper infrastructure; the telephone operator Gibtelecom also operates a GSM network.

Internet connectivity is available across the fixed network. Gibraltar's top-level domain code is. This has been finally accepted by Spain since 10 February , when the telecom dispute was resolved.

Within Gibraltar, the main form of transport is the car. Motorcycles are also very popular and there is a good modern bus service. There is a Gibraltar Cable Car that runs from ground level to the top of the Rock, with an intermediate station at Apes' Den.

Restrictions on transport introduced by Spanish dictator Francisco Franco closed the land frontier in and also prohibited any air or ferry connections.

In , the land border was reopened. The road border control is the only one between two EU members [ clarification needed ] that is expected to remain indefinitely.

Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania have border controls which are expected to be removed around Motorists and pedestrians crossing the border with Spain are occasionally subjected to very long delays.

GB Airways operated a service between Gibraltar and London and other cities for many years. The airline initially flew under the name "Gibraltar Airways".

In , and in anticipation of service to cities outside the UK, Gibraltar Airways changed its name to GB Airways with the belief that a new name would incur fewer political problems.

As a franchise, the airline operated flights in full British Airways livery. EasyJet have since added Bristol and Manchester and also operated flights to Liverpool between and Until entering administration in October , Monarch Airlines operated the largest number of flights between the United Kingdom and Gibraltar, with scheduled services between Gibraltar and Luton , London Gatwick , Birmingham and Manchester.

The Spanish national airline , Iberia , operated a daily service to Madrid which ceased for lack of demand. Gibraltar International Airport is unusual not only because of its proximity to the city centre resulting in the airport terminal being within walking distance of much of Gibraltar but also because the runway intersects Winston Churchill Avenue , the main north—south street, requiring movable barricades to close when aircraft land or depart.

New roads and a tunnel, which will end the need to stop road traffic when aircraft use the runway, were planned to coincide with the building of a new airport terminal building with an originally estimated completion date of , [] [] although it has not been completed because of delays.

In addition, the Algeciras Heliport across the bay offers scheduled services to Ceuta. Gibraltar Cruise Terminal receives a large number of visits from cruise ships.

The Strait of Gibraltar is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. Passenger and cargo ships anchor in the Gibraltar Harbour.

Also, a ferry links Gibraltar with Tangier in Morocco. The ferry between Gibraltar and Algeciras , which had been halted in when Franco severed communications with Gibraltar, was finally reopened on 16 December , served by the Spanish company Transcoma.

Water supply and sanitation in Gibraltar have been major concerns for its inhabitants throughout its history. There are no rivers, streams, or large bodies of water on the peninsula.

Gibraltar's water supply was formerly provided by a combination of an aqueduct, wells, and the use of cisterns, barrels and earthenware pots to capture rainwater.

This became increasingly inadequate as Gibraltar's population grew in the 18th and 19th centuries and lethal diseases such as cholera and yellow fever began to spread.

In the late 19th century, a Sanitary Commission instigated major improvements which saw the introduction of large-scale desalination and the use of giant water catchments covering over 2.

Today Gibraltar's supply of drinking water comes entirely from desalination , with a separate supply of saltwater for sanitary purposes.

Both supplies are delivered from huge underground reservoirs excavated under the Rock of Gibraltar.

Outside the United Kingdom, the RGP is the oldest police force of the former British Empire , formed shortly after the creation of London's Metropolitan Police in when Gibraltar was declared a crown colony on 25 June In general, the Gibraltar force follows British police models in its dress and its mostly male constables and sergeants on foot patrol wear the traditional custodian helmet , the headgear of the British "bobby on the beat".

The helmet is traditionally made of cork covered outside by felt or serge -like material that matches the tunic.

The vehicles also appear virtually identical to typical UK police vehicles, but are left hand drive. The force, whose name received the prefix "Royal" in , numbers over officers divided into a number of units.

These include the CID , drug squad, special branch , firearms, scene of crime examiners , traffic, marine and operations units, sections or departments.

Gibraltar's defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom tri-services British Forces Gibraltar. In January , the Ministry of Defence announced that the private company Serco would provide services to the base.

The announcement resulted in the affected trade unions striking. The following people, military units and Groups have received the Freedom of the City of Gibraltar.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the British Overseas Territory. For other uses, see Gibraltar disambiguation.

British Overseas Territory. British Overseas Territory in United Kingdom. Coat of arms. English Andalusian Spanish Llanito.

Gibraltarian British Maghrebis. Gibraltarian Llanito colloquial. Main article: History of Gibraltar. Main article: Politics of Gibraltar.

See also: Disputed status of Gibraltar and Political development in modern Gibraltar. Places adjacent to Gibraltar. Main article: Climate of Gibraltar.

See also: List of mammals of Gibraltar , List of birds of Gibraltar , and List of amphibians and reptiles of Gibraltar.

Main article: Economy of Gibraltar. Main article: Demographics of Gibraltar. See also: Gibraltarian people.

Main article: Languages of Gibraltar. Percentage of population by religion [3] Percentage Roman Catholic. Main article: Education in Gibraltar.

Main article: Culture of Gibraltar. Main article: Sport in Gibraltar. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Main article: Communications in Gibraltar. Main article: Transport in Gibraltar. Main article: Gibraltar International Airport. Main article: Water supply and sanitation in Gibraltar.

The Royal Navy 's base in Gibraltar. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Gibraltar portal. Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration.

Godwin does not mention when the sport began on Gibraltar, but he does explicitly use the term "Tag Rugby" to describe the game.

Archived from the original on 13 November Retrieved 21 June Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 5 June Algora Publishing, 1 April Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar.

The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves and non-British residents.

Visitors and transients are not included. In , this broke down into 23, native-born citizens, 3, UK British citizens and 2, others, making a total population of 29, On census night, there were 31, people present in Gibraltar.

British Foreign Policy Group. Retrieved 2 April City AM. The Local. Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 23 July Montgomery Watt; Pierre Cachia A History of Islamic Spain.

Transaction Publishers. NBC News. Retrieved 8 January Gibraltar before the British. London: Unpublished proof copy held by the British Library.

OCLC Rock of Contention: A history of Gibraltar. A History. Spellmount Limited. Archived from the original PDF on 4 May Retrieved 7 March The New Statesman.

Retrieved 26 August Community and identity. The making of modern Gibraltar since Manchester University Press.

Gibraltar Books. Retrieved 18 April Jordine The remainder are resident aliens and the families of British military personnel.

Moroccans and Indians predominate among the resident aliens. About four-fifths of Gibraltarians are Roman Catholic. The small Jewish community is of Sephardic descent.

English is the official language of government and education, though most Gibraltarians are bilingual in English and Spanish, and many speak an English dialect known as Yanito Llanito , which is influenced by Spanish, Genoese, and Hebrew.

Because of lack of space on the peninsula, there is no agriculture. There is a small amount of light industry—tobacco, beverages, canning—but the main sources of income are the provisioning of ships and military personnel, tourism, and the re-export trade.

Tourism was stimulated through the large-scale expansion of hotel and beach facilities and gambling casinos. The port facilities occupy most of the western shore and a portion of land reclaimed from the sea.

The United Kingdom supplies a significant amount of development aid. Principal expenditures include social services, public works , and municipal services.

The monetary unit is the Gibraltar pound. Gibraltar has an international airport, and regular flights link the territory to London , Tangier, and many other destinations.

The peninsula has a road system and a system of tunnels within the Rock for vehicular traffic. A cable car ascends to the central summit of the ridge.

As the United Kingdom is not party to the Schengen Agreement , the crossing between La Linea and Gibraltar is one of the few remaining controlled internal borders in western Europe.

Article Media.

Gibraltar Info Gibraltar gliedert sich Seitensprung Plattform das Naturschutzgebiet Upper Rockdas Stadtgebiet, die Ostseite und den zu Gibraltar gehörenden Teil des Mittelmeeresinsbesondere der Bucht von Gibraltar. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Abgerufen am 1. Es handelt sich bei diesen um die einzigen frei lebenden Affen in Europa. In dieser Übergangszeit könnten die Einwohner Gibraltars britische Staatsbürger bleiben und eine Kranfahren Steuerregelung Polizei Spiele 3d. Kreditkarten und Euro sind allgemein anerkannt. Maiarchiviert vom Original am Accessibility X. April fand während des Achtzigjährigen Krieges die Schlacht bei Gibraltar statt. Dabei überraschte eine niederländische Flotte eine in der Bucht Westerion Union Gibraltar ankernde spanische Flotte und vernichtete sie. In: everyculture. Die gibraltarische Kultur ist stark beeinflusst durch die britische, die spanische und auch die marokkanische Kultur. Juniabgerufen am 2. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Nur Bewohner waren für eine geteilte Souveränität. Die Trinkwasserversorgung wird sehr genau kontrolliert und in den Lagerspeichern im Felsen Roland Von Bremen und man kann es daher bedenkenlos trinken. September und versenkten dabei einen Hilfskreuzer im Hafen. Südlich davon findet sich am Ufer der Spiel Affe Spiele und ein Industriegebiet, in dem zum Beispiel einige Trockendocks vorzufinden sind. Alle Gibraltarer haben einen britischen Pass.

Gibraltar Info Reiseausrüstung

Spanien war zwar zunächst von den Vereinten Nationen in dem Bestreben, die Merkur Spiel Gmbh Staufenberg über Roulette Online Spielen Echtgeld zu erlangen, unterstützt worden, da Gibraltar offiziell noch eine aufzulösende Kolonie ist, [11] nach diesen Abstimmungen stellte Jim Murphybritischer Minister, aber klar, dass das Vereinigte Königreich nichts ohne die explizite Zustimmung der Gibraltarer tun würde. Für viele Spanier stellt der Verlust des Felsens eine alte Wunde dar, die durch den Austritt aus der Europäischen Union wieder aufklafft. Drei Tage später begann die Invasion Marokkos mit Intute,archiviert vom Original am Eine definitive Abstimmung erfolgte am Am Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Römische Spuren in Gibraltar lat.

Gibraltar Info Video

GIBRALTAR Travel Guide - 10 things to do + Monkeys via the Mediterranean Steps

Gibraltar Info Video

FRANCE 24 English – LIVE – International Breaking News \u0026 Top stories - 24/7 stream Lowen Casino About. Retrieved 30 June Archived from the original on 11 May The naval base and the ships Biased Roulette Wheel there played a key role in the provisioning and supply of Golden Lounge island of Malta during its long siege. Marinas in Gibraltar. Finance in Star Games Belote. It remains strategically important, with half the world's seaborne trade passing through the strait. This became increasingly inadequate as Gibraltar's population grew in the 18th and 19th centuries and lethal diseases such as cholera and yellow fever began to spread. Gibraltar's top-level domain code is. Don't think I'll ever get used to not seeing Thunderdome. Lepcis Khoms Oyat Tripoli Tsabratan. Destinations Gibraltar Campo de Gibraltar. There is a small amount of light industry—tobacco, beverages, canning—but the main sources of income are the provisioning of ships and military personnel, tourism, and the re-export trade. Together Gibraltar. Defensive Bombardment. See also: List of mammals of GibraltarList of birds of Gibraltarand Free Stud of amphibians and reptiles of Gibraltar. Oh, Stak7 Online Casino manini. Property in Gibraltar is in high demand Live Roulette Paypal a number of reasons. Gibraltar is a multi-racial community so it follows that its range of restaurants reflects the tastes of its inhabitants.

Natural resources: negl. Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 23, ; mobile cellular: 34, Internet users: 20, Transportation: Railways: total: n.

Highways: total: 29 km; paved: 29 km; unpaved: 0 km Ports and harbors: Gibraltar. Airports: 1 Major sources and definitions. Gibraltar, at the south end of the Iberian Peninsula, is a rocky promontory commanding the western entrance to the Mediterranean.

Aside from its strategic importance, it is also a free port, naval base, and coaling station. In the 15th century, it passed to the Moorish ruler of Granada and later became Spanish.

Since then Spain has continually laid claim to it. Most of the inhabitants of Gibraltar are of Spanish, Italian, and Maltese descent, and in Gibraltarians were granted full British citizenship.

It is the symbol of the Upper Rock nature reserve. Olive and pine trees are among the most common of those growing around the Rock.

Most of the Rock's upper area is covered by a nature reserve which is home to around Barbary macaques , the famous "apes" of Gibraltar, which are actually monkeys.

These are the only wild apes or monkeys found in Europe. Three-quarters of the world population live in the Middle Atlas mountains of Morocco.

Recent genetic studies and historical documents point to their presence on the Rock before its capture by the British , having possibly been introduced during the Islamic period.

A superstition analogous to that of the ravens at the Tower of London states that if the apes ever leave, so will the British.

In , British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was so concerned about the dwindling population of apes that he sent a message to the Colonial Secretary requesting that something be done about the situation.

Other mammals found in Gibraltar include rabbits, foxes and bats. Dolphins and whales are frequently seen in the Bay of Gibraltar. Migrating birds are very common and Gibraltar is home to the only Barbary partridges found on the European continent.

In , Graham Watson, Gibraltar's MEP , highlighted conservationists ' fears that urban development , tourism and invasive plant species were threatening Gibraltar's own plants as well as birds and bat species.

In May a report by the World Health Organization showed that Gibraltar had the worst air quality in any British territory. The report concentrated on PM10 and PM2.

The British military traditionally dominated Gibraltar's economy , with the naval dockyard providing the bulk of economic activity.

This, however, has diminished over the last 20 years, and is estimated to account for only 7 percent of the local economy, compared to over 60 percent in Today, Gibraltar's economy is dominated by four main sectors: financial services , online gambling , shipping, and tourism, which includes duty-free retail sales to visitors.

Gibraltar's labour market shows an extremely low unemployment rate of around 1 percent. In the early s, many bookmakers and online gaming operators moved to Gibraltar to benefit from operating in a regulated jurisdiction with a favourable corporate tax regime.

This corporate tax regime for non-resident controlled companies was phased out by January and replaced by a still favourable fixed corporate tax rate of 10 percent.

Tourism is also a significant industry. Gibraltar is a popular port for cruise ships and attracts day visitors from resorts in Spain. The Rock is a popular tourist attraction, particularly among British tourists and residents in the southern coast of Spain.

It is also a popular shopping destination, and all goods and services are VAT free, but may be subject to Gibraltar taxes. Branches and franchises of international retailers such as Tommy Hilfiger and Sunglass Hut are also present in Gibraltar, as is the Spanish clothing company Mango.

A number of British and international banks have operations based in Gibraltar. Jyske Bank claims to be the oldest bank in the country, based on Jyske's acquisition in of Banco Galliano , which began operations in Gibraltar in In , Gibraltar enacted the Companies Taxation and Concessions Ordinance now an Act , which provided for special tax treatment for international business.

Gibraltar has several attractive attributes as a financial centre , including a common law legal system and access to the EU single market in financial services.

The Financial Services Commission FSC , [78] which was established by an ordinance in now an Act that took effect in , regulates the finance sector.

As of [update] , Gibraltar has 0. The currency of Gibraltar is the Gibraltar pound , issued by the Government of Gibraltar under the terms of the Currency Notes Act.

These banknotes are legal tender in Gibraltar alongside Bank of England banknotes. Unofficially, most retail outlets in Gibraltar accept the euro , though some payphones and the Royal Gibraltar Post Office , along with all other government offices, do not.

The growing demand for space is being increasingly met by land reclamation ; reclaimed land makes up approximately one tenth of the territory's total area.

The demographics of Gibraltar reflect the many European and other economic migrants who came to the Rock over years ago, after almost all of the Spanish population left in The official language of Gibraltar is English, and is used by the government and in schools.

Most locals are bilingual , also speaking Spanish. However, because of the varied mix of ethnic groups which reside there, other languages are also spoken on the Rock.

Berber and Arabic are spoken by the Moroccan community, as are Hindi and Sindhi by the Indian community. Maltese is spoken by some families of Maltese descent.

Llanito also often involves code-switching to English and Spanish. Gibraltarians often call themselves Llanitos.

According to the census, approximately Other Christian denominations include the Church of England 7. Several of these congregations are represented by the Gibraltar Evangelical Alliance.

The third religion in size is Islam 3. There are four functioning Orthodox synagogues in Gibraltar and several kosher establishments. Education in Gibraltar generally follows the English model , operating within a three tier system.

Gibraltar has 15 state schools , two private schools and a college of further education, Gibraltar College.

Government secondary schools are Bayside Comprehensive School for boys and Westside School for girls, and Prior Park School Gibraltar is an independent coeducational secondary school.

On 31 March the government of Gibraltar announced the adoption of the University of Gibraltar Act and the University of Gibraltar opened in September All Gibraltarian students used to follow the UK student loans procedure , applying for a loan from the Student Loans Company which was then reimbursed in full by the Government of Gibraltar.

In August , this system was replaced by the direct payment by the government of grants and tuition fees. The overwhelming majority of Gibraltarians continue their studies at university level.

All Gibraltarians are entitled to health care in public wards and clinics at St Bernard's Hospital and primary health care centre. All other British citizens are also entitled to free-of-charge treatment on the Rock on presentation of a valid British passport during stays of up to 30 days.

Dental treatment and prescribed medicines are free of charge for Gibraltarian students and pensioners. Some specialist care is provided by visiting consultants and in UK and Spanish hospitals.

First-line medical and nursing services are provided at the Primary Care Centre, which has 16 GPs, with more specialised services available at St Bernard's Hospital , a bed civilian hospital opened in Psychiatric care is provided by King George V Hospital.

As of the authority was responsible for the health of some 27, individuals. The culture of Gibraltar reflects Gibraltarians' diverse origins.

While there are Spanish mostly from nearby Andalusia and British influences, the ethnic origins of most Gibraltarians are not confined to these ethnicities.

Other ethnicities include Genoese , Maltese , Portuguese , and German. British influence remains strong, with English being the language of government, commerce, education and the media.

Gibraltar's first sovereignty referendum is celebrated annually on Gibraltar National Day 10 September. It is a public holiday, during which most Gibraltarians dress in their national colours of red and white.

Until , the tradition had been to also release 30, similarly coloured balloons, which represented the people of Gibraltar. However, this tradition has now been ended because of the threat that it poses to wildlife, particularly marine.

The radio service is also internet-streamed. Special events and the daily news bulletin are streamed in video. The other local radio service is operated by the British Forces Broadcasting Service which also provides a limited cable television network to HM Forces.

The largest and most frequently published newspaper is the Gibraltar Chronicle , Gibraltar's oldest established daily newspaper and the world's second oldest English language newspaper to have been in print continuously [] with daily editions six days a week.

Native Gibraltarians have produced some literature of note. Throughout the s and s, several anthologies of poetry were published by Leopoldo Sanguinetti , Albert Joseph Patron and Alberto Pizzarello.

Trino Cruz is a bilingual poet originally writing English but now mainly in Spanish, who also translates Maghreb poetry.

Mary Chiappe and Sam Benady have also published a series of detective books centred on the character of the nineteenth-century Gibraltarian sleuth Bresciano.

Gibraltarian cuisine is the result of a long relationship between the Andalusian Spaniards and the British, as well as the many foreigners who made Gibraltar their home over the past three centuries.

This marriage of tastes has given Gibraltar an eclectic mix of Mediterranean and British cuisine. Profiteroles , a French choux pastry ball with a sweet filling of whipped cream, is considered to be Gibraltar's national dish.

The outbreak of yellow fever in is the subject of Letitia Elizabeth Landon 's poem "Gibraltar. Scene During the Plague".

She published two further poetical illustrations on Gibraltar the following year, "Gibraltar—from the Sea". In , there were 18 Gibraltar sports associations with official recognition from their respective international governing bodies.

Others have submitted applications for recognition which are being considered. The government supports the many sporting associations financially.

Gibraltar also competes in the bi-annual Island Games , which it hosted in and again in Football is a popular sport in Gibraltar.

The Gibraltar Football Association applied for full membership of UEFA , but their bid was turned down in in a contentious decision.

Cricket enjoys popularity in Gibraltar. Rugby union is fairly popular and one of the fastest growing team sports.

Gibraltar Rugby Football Union applied for membership of Europe's governing body for rugby. Gibraltar is believed to be the birthplace of the rugby variant Tag Rugby.

Darts is also a popular sport, with the Gibraltar Darts Association a full member of World Darts Federation since running leagues and other regular tournaments.

Gibraltar has a digital telephone exchange supported by a fibre optic and copper infrastructure; the telephone operator Gibtelecom also operates a GSM network.

Internet connectivity is available across the fixed network. Gibraltar's top-level domain code is. This has been finally accepted by Spain since 10 February , when the telecom dispute was resolved.

Within Gibraltar, the main form of transport is the car. Motorcycles are also very popular and there is a good modern bus service.

There is a Gibraltar Cable Car that runs from ground level to the top of the Rock, with an intermediate station at Apes' Den.

Restrictions on transport introduced by Spanish dictator Francisco Franco closed the land frontier in and also prohibited any air or ferry connections.

In , the land border was reopened. The road border control is the only one between two EU members [ clarification needed ] that is expected to remain indefinitely.

Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania have border controls which are expected to be removed around Motorists and pedestrians crossing the border with Spain are occasionally subjected to very long delays.

GB Airways operated a service between Gibraltar and London and other cities for many years. The airline initially flew under the name "Gibraltar Airways".

In , and in anticipation of service to cities outside the UK, Gibraltar Airways changed its name to GB Airways with the belief that a new name would incur fewer political problems.

As a franchise, the airline operated flights in full British Airways livery. EasyJet have since added Bristol and Manchester and also operated flights to Liverpool between and Until entering administration in October , Monarch Airlines operated the largest number of flights between the United Kingdom and Gibraltar, with scheduled services between Gibraltar and Luton , London Gatwick , Birmingham and Manchester.

The Spanish national airline , Iberia , operated a daily service to Madrid which ceased for lack of demand.

Gibraltar International Airport is unusual not only because of its proximity to the city centre resulting in the airport terminal being within walking distance of much of Gibraltar but also because the runway intersects Winston Churchill Avenue , the main north—south street, requiring movable barricades to close when aircraft land or depart.

New roads and a tunnel, which will end the need to stop road traffic when aircraft use the runway, were planned to coincide with the building of a new airport terminal building with an originally estimated completion date of , [] [] although it has not been completed because of delays.

In addition, the Algeciras Heliport across the bay offers scheduled services to Ceuta. Gibraltar Cruise Terminal receives a large number of visits from cruise ships.

The Strait of Gibraltar is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. Passenger and cargo ships anchor in the Gibraltar Harbour.

Also, a ferry links Gibraltar with Tangier in Morocco. The ferry between Gibraltar and Algeciras , which had been halted in when Franco severed communications with Gibraltar, was finally reopened on 16 December , served by the Spanish company Transcoma.

Water supply and sanitation in Gibraltar have been major concerns for its inhabitants throughout its history. There are no rivers, streams, or large bodies of water on the peninsula.

Gibraltar's water supply was formerly provided by a combination of an aqueduct, wells, and the use of cisterns, barrels and earthenware pots to capture rainwater.

This became increasingly inadequate as Gibraltar's population grew in the 18th and 19th centuries and lethal diseases such as cholera and yellow fever began to spread.

In the late 19th century, a Sanitary Commission instigated major improvements which saw the introduction of large-scale desalination and the use of giant water catchments covering over 2.

Today Gibraltar's supply of drinking water comes entirely from desalination , with a separate supply of saltwater for sanitary purposes.

Both supplies are delivered from huge underground reservoirs excavated under the Rock of Gibraltar. Outside the United Kingdom, the RGP is the oldest police force of the former British Empire , formed shortly after the creation of London's Metropolitan Police in when Gibraltar was declared a crown colony on 25 June In general, the Gibraltar force follows British police models in its dress and its mostly male constables and sergeants on foot patrol wear the traditional custodian helmet , the headgear of the British "bobby on the beat".

The helmet is traditionally made of cork covered outside by felt or serge -like material that matches the tunic.

The vehicles also appear virtually identical to typical UK police vehicles, but are left hand drive. The force, whose name received the prefix "Royal" in , numbers over officers divided into a number of units.

These include the CID , drug squad, special branch , firearms, scene of crime examiners , traffic, marine and operations units, sections or departments.

Gibraltar's defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom tri-services British Forces Gibraltar. In January , the Ministry of Defence announced that the private company Serco would provide services to the base.

The announcement resulted in the affected trade unions striking. The following people, military units and Groups have received the Freedom of the City of Gibraltar.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the British Overseas Territory. For other uses, see Gibraltar disambiguation.

British Overseas Territory. British Overseas Territory in United Kingdom. Coat of arms. English Andalusian Spanish Llanito. Gibraltarian British Maghrebis.

Gibraltarian Llanito colloquial. Main article: History of Gibraltar. Main article: Politics of Gibraltar. See also: Disputed status of Gibraltar and Political development in modern Gibraltar.

Places adjacent to Gibraltar. Main article: Climate of Gibraltar. See also: List of mammals of Gibraltar , List of birds of Gibraltar , and List of amphibians and reptiles of Gibraltar.

Main article: Economy of Gibraltar. Main article: Demographics of Gibraltar. See also: Gibraltarian people.

Main article: Languages of Gibraltar. Percentage of population by religion [3] Percentage Roman Catholic. Main article: Education in Gibraltar.

Main article: Culture of Gibraltar. Main article: Sport in Gibraltar. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Communications in Gibraltar.

Main article: Transport in Gibraltar. Main article: Gibraltar International Airport. Main article: Water supply and sanitation in Gibraltar. The Royal Navy 's base in Gibraltar.

This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Gibraltar portal. Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration. Godwin does not mention when the sport began on Gibraltar, but he does explicitly use the term "Tag Rugby" to describe the game.

Archived from the original on 13 November Retrieved 21 June Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 5 June Algora Publishing, 1 April Statistics Office of the Government of Gibraltar.

The civilian population includes Gibraltarian residents, other British residents including the wives and families of UK-based servicemen, but not the servicemen themselves and non-British residents.

Visitors and transients are not included. In , this broke down into 23, native-born citizens, 3, UK British citizens and 2, others, making a total population of 29, On census night, there were 31, people present in Gibraltar.

British Foreign Policy Group. Retrieved 2 April City AM. The Local. Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 23 July Montgomery Watt; Pierre Cachia A History of Islamic Spain.

Transaction Publishers. NBC News. Retrieved 8 January Gibraltar before the British. London: Unpublished proof copy held by the British Library.

OCLC Rock of Contention: A history of Gibraltar. A History. Spellmount Limited. Archived from the original PDF on 4 May Retrieved 7 March The New Statesman.

Retrieved 26 August Community and identity. The making of modern Gibraltar since Manchester University Press. Gibraltar Books. Retrieved 18 April Jordine The Dispute Over Gibraltar.

Infobase Publishing. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 December The Guardian. In fact, we will never even enter into a process without that agreement.

Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 15 June BBC News.

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